Heel pain is one of the most commonly experienced foot problems.
It can occur in different areas of the heel and it has a variety of causes.
In this blog we will talk about the most common types of heel pain.
Plantar fascia problems
The plantar fascia is a long band of strong tissue that attaches under the heel bone and runs to the ball of the foot. It tightens when walking to helps stabilise the front of the foot as it takes the body’s weight.
The Achilles tendon is a strong tendon the runs from the calf muscle to the heel bone. It lifts the heel during gait to transfer weight to the ball of the foot.
Heel bone bruising and fractures
Bone bruising and fractures are caused by strong, damaging pressure to the heel bone. In some cases it is from a pulling force from plantar fascia or Achilles tendon. in others,it can be direct force from as landing hard on a solid surface or running in poorly cushioned shoes.
Growth plate problems
Growth plate problems occur in growing children. Similar to bone bruises or fractures in an adult, the heel growth plate can be injured by pulling or pressure forces.
Tarsal Tunnel problems
Just like carpal tunnel in the hand, the foot can develop tarsal tunnel. As the nerve passes near the inside the ankle it can be damaged and irritated producing nerve type pain of burning, pins and needles and numbness.
Your podiatrist can diagnose the cause of your heel pain and determine the best form of treatment.